As an employee, you have rights that protect you against health and safety hazards on the job.
You have the right to participate in workplace health and safety issues and to know about
any potential hazards. You also have the right to refuse work that you believe is
dangerous and to stop working in certain circumstances.
These rights may be guaranteed by provincial laws, by federal laws or by union
contracts. Sometimes an employee's rights may be guaranteed by both provincial and
The Occupational Health and Safety Act, 1990, (OHSA) is the Ontario law that
governs health and safety in the workplace.
The law is divided into seven main parts:
- who is covered under the law
- the role and function of the Health and Safety Committees
- health and safety requirements on the job, including training
- duties of employers and others such as supervisors
- the right to refuse work
- the right to stop work
- the control of toxic or hazardous substances on the job
- enforcement by government inspectors to ensure compliance with the Act and regulations and to
ensure that the internal responsibility system is working.
You can find answers to your questions under the menu to the left. You can also go directly
to our ministry website and download the Guide to the Occupational Health and Safety Act.